King cut down by betrayal in heat of battle
Richard III was King of England between 1483 and 1485, when he was killed at the Battle of Bosworth.
He was the last king of the House of York. On August 22, 1485, Richard's army outnumbered Henry Tudor's at Upton, near Bosworth.
Despite the advantage and Richard's reported bravery, he was betrayed and killed when the poleaxe of Sir Wyllyam Gardynyr pierced his helmet.
Henry Tudor's official historian, Polydore Vergil, recorded that "King Richard, alone, was killed fighting manfully in the thickest press of his enemies".
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Following the battle, his body was stripped and put on show before being buried at Greyfriars Church in Leicester.
Henry VIII dissolved the monastic houses of England in the 16th century and Richard's body was lost.
In 1611, John Speede, a mapmaker, visited Leicester looking for the church, but made a slight miscalculation.
According to historian Dr John Ashdown-Hill, rather than searching Greyfriars, the cartographer made a beeline for Blackfriars – about half a mile west of where he should have been looking.
He found nothing, but concluded the regal remains had been buried underneath Bow Bridge – close to St Nicholas Circle today.
Speede later changed his mind and documented that King Richard's body had instead been exhumed and cast into the River Soar.